JJCLUBSET-07 - JJ DESIGNS COLLECTORS’ CLUB SET#07
Description anglaise : THE WAR OF 1812, The Battle of Chippawa, 5th July 1814
RED JACKET, CHIEF OF THE SENECAS
Red Jacket (known as Otetiani in his youth and Sagoyewatha after 1780) (c. 1750 January 20, 1830) was a Native American Seneca orator and chief of the Wolf clan Red Jacket was one of the leaders of the native force that served with Porter’s Third Brigade during the campaign of 1814.
At Chippawa, the native warriors of both sides fought a violent battle in which no quarter was asked and none was given.
Red Jacket took this name, from a highly embroidered coat given to him by the British for his wartime services.
The Senecas took the British side during the American Revolution, a costly mistake, since their ally ultimately lost.
In the War of 1812, Red Jacket supported the American side.
Red Jacket became famous as an orator, speaking for the rights of his people. He played a prominent role in negotiations with the new federal government. In 1792 he was heading a delegation of 50 people to Philadelphia where president George Washington presented him with a special "peace medal", a large oval silver plate showing an image of Washington on the right hand side shaking his hand engraved upon it, below the inscription "George Washington", "Red Jacket", and "1792".
Red Jacket wore this medal on his chest in every portrait painted of him. (The medal survives today in the collection of the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.)